Allergy Shots for Asthma,How Is Important Treatment?

      Allergy Shots for Asthma It may the latest  way to treatment asthma symptoms. Allergy Shots is vaccination injecting an allergen into the body. To stimulate immunity against allergens.Inhibits the formation and function of white blood cells that cause allergic reactions. Skin prick tests can be performed first to find out what allergens are allergic to them.

How allergy Shots for Asthma use?

   There are often times skin allergy tests give negative results.So we just used to assist decision making. In this case, allergens may be injected with frequent allergies. Then follow up for symptoms.Allergy Shots for Asthma (Immunotherapy) are currently offering higher doses.Allergy Shots is more effective than the low dose method in currently. It may also cause an allergic new (neo sensitization). High dose injection uses high levels of allergens. It should be in the hands of experienced doctors. In the past, vaccination for the subcutaneous layer was quite dangerous and could be severe. Currently applied to the skin. (Intradermal). In case of high injection may inject fat and muscle. (Lipomuscular), which is safer than injections into the skin. Allergy Shots for Asthma are usually effective. It can suppress the allergy of patients for months or years to come back asthma symptoms again. People no need to take medicine every day. It is an alternative to treatment for allergies.

Do Allergies Causes Asthma?

     The answer to this question is yes and no. People with a certain type of allergy are more likely to have asthma. What kind of allergies? Usually, they affect the nose and eyes and cause symptoms such as runny nose and itching or redness of the eyes. Anything that causes allergic reactions, such as pollen or dust mites, can also trigger asthma symptoms. But not all people with allergies develop asthma. And not all cases of asthma are related to allergies.

allergy-asthma-cartoon

      In the US, about 23 million people suffer from asthma. Of these, about 70% are allergic to something. Many of these people notice that their asthmatic symptoms worsen when exposed to certain allergens (agents that cause allergic reactions). The most common allergens include dust mites, mold, pollen, and animal dander. Parents with allergies or asthma often transmit to their children the tendency to suffer from these conditions.

What is Allergy?

     If you suffer from allergies, your immune system reacts to certain allergens as if they were invasive organisms. To neutralize these allergens, the immune system makes an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE).

When immunoglobulin E is combined with the allergen, a process is initiated which results in the release of certain substances into the body. One of these substances is histamine, which causes allergic symptoms that can affect the eyes, nose, throat, skin, gastrointestinal tract or lungs. When asthma is affected, asthma symptoms (such as wheezing,Coughing  and shortness of breath) can occur.The body remembers this reaction, so that every time it is exposed to the allergen it reacts in the same way. For this reason, people with allergies may find it more difficult to control asthma.

What is an asthma related to allergy?

     If you have asthma, It is advisable to find out if your asthma symptoms are triggered by an allergy or not. Talk to your doctor about how to identify potential triggers for your asthma episodes. Your doctor may also recommend that you visit an allergist to help you determine if you have any allergies. However, the fact that you are allergic to something (or a long list of things) does not mean that allergy is what is causing your asthmatic symptoms. However, it will allow you and your doctor to start investigating whether there is a connection between the two conditions.

Limiting your exposure to possible allergens can be a great help in controlling asthma. If you can not completely limit your exposure to something and have been shown to cause allergic symptoms, your doctor may treat desensitization.

What you need allergic asthma?before get allergy shots for asthma.

Asthma is a chronic (long-lasting) respiratory disease characterized by inflammation and (reversible) airway obstruction and respiratory distress.There is an alteration at the bronchial level (larynx-trachea-bronchial-lower respiratory tract or lung), this alteration or reversible obstruction can be improved spontaneously or with treatment.

It occurs intermittently in the form of asthma attacks. It can cause limitation of daily activities, in children the ability to feel good or pay attention in school.

How can I tell if I have asthma?

With the symptoms and the medical history done by your specialist doctor and the tests that you believe pertinent the diagnosis can be made.

What are the most common triggers?

Asthma attacks symptoms can be triggered by numerous factors: viral respiratory infections; Allergens from the domestic environment or the outside environment such as dust mites, cockroaches, feathers, hairs, animal dander, seasonal pollens; Irritants such as tobacco smoke, odors, industrial smoke; climate changes; physical exercise; Some foods and their additives; Drugs (acetylsalicylic acid or aspirin, certain anti-inflammatories); Intense emotions, or gastroesophageal reflux, which can provoke reflex bronchoconstriction and initiate an asthmatic crisis.

The most important allergens in the production of respiratory allergies are so-called aeroallergens: pollens from many plants, domestic mites (small arthropods on mattresses, sofas, carpets in our homes), epithelia and dander on domestic animals (cats, Dogs, rodents, horses …), excrement of cockroaches and a series of industrial products in the professional environment (bakery, hairdresser, carpentry, chemical industries, etc.).

The most important pollens as allergy producers around the world are those of grasses. In Spain are also very important pollen of olive and parietaria. Most allergenic plants pollinate in the spring.

Is allergic asthma hereditary?

Asthma has a genetic predisposition.If one of the parents is asthmatic, the probability of developing asthma is 25%; And if both parents are asthmatic, the likelihood of developing asthma increases to 70%.

The incidence of asthma in the general population is approximately 10%. It usually begins in childhood or adolescence, half of them resolved in puberty and adulthood. The remaining half continues into adult life or reappears after a few years. Between 30 and 50% of asthmatics suffer from allergic rhinitis.

Does allergic asthma occur in episodes?

Asthma is characterized by variable and reversible airway obstruction, with bronchial inflammation and hyperreactivity.

The episodes of crisis are characterized by contractions of the bronchi, edema, excess of mucus contributing all this to the obstruction of the entrance of the air from the outside.

What types of asthma are there?

Asthma differs according to the cause in:

  •  Atopic, extrinsic or allergic asthma: secondary to mites, pollens, animal epithelia, fungi, food. It is the most frequent.
  • Intrinsic asthma: of unknown cause.
  • Professional asthma: Flours, industrial products, hairdressing dyes, farm caregivers, poultry, others.
  • Asthma by medications: aspirin, anti-inflammatories, etc.
  • Exercise-induced asthma  

How is asthma diagnosed?

Asthma is diagnosed by respiratory function tests in which air obstruction is determined.

  • Expiratory function tests.
  • Peak flow measurement: used for self-monitoring.
  • Bronchodilation test.
  • Bronchial provocation test.
  • Markers of inflammation in secretions and serum.
  • Skin tests.
  • Determination of IgE
  • Specific allergen in blood.     

How is it treated?

1. Environmental control

The first step in treatment is to avoid contact with the substances that cause the asthma attack. Avoidance of contact with allergens contributes to a better treatment outcome prescribed by the specialist and to a decrease in symptoms.

2. Medications
They are used to alleviate the symptoms produced by the asthma crisis. They are called symptomatic drugs and among them are corticoids, beta-adrenergic bronchodilators, antileukotrienes and theophyllines.

These medications relieve the symptoms, but they will not make the cause of your illness is gone.

  • Chronic use medications:
        They are used to decrease inflammation of the mucosa and to prevent asthma attacks.
  • Inhaled corticosteroids.They are the first line treatment
  • Chromones. Chromoglycate, have a lower anti-inflammatory effect than corticosteroids.
  • Inhibitors of leukotrienes, are another alternative.
  • Medications for Exacerbations:They are used occasionally, in short cycles in the face of the crisis.
  • Beta-adrenergic bronchodilators with immediate action and long-acting.
  • Anticholinergics.
  • Theophyllines.
  • Inhaled and oral corticosteroids.

Asthma Treatment with Allergy Shots For Asthma

It is the latest and most widely accepted way to cure allergies and asthma without taking everyday medicine but  need indications for treatment as

  • Patients with nasal congestion and seasonal allergy (Seasonal / Perenial Allergic Rhinitis)
  • Patients with allergic asthma in both children and adults (Allergic Asthma)

    Treatment steps

  • History and examination of the ear, throat, nose and bronchi.
  • All skin tests to determine which substances cause allergic reactions. Skin Test by skin irritation. Apply 10-12 drops on the skin, then use a small needle, leave for 15 minutes and then interpret the results by reaction or rash appears.
  • After allergic reaction, allergenic substances such as dust, mites, etc. are injected into the subcutaneous layer to create immunity, starting with small doses in the first needle.
  • After that, you will need to schedule vaccination in more and more in the first stage will be 1-2 times a week. To the point where the patient becomes immunized, the patient does not have symptoms. It is started every 3-4 weeks in the first phase. The first 3-6 months may require medication and nasal spray, bronchodilator together to control symptoms.
  • Generally, physicians usually inject at regular doses every 4 weeks with e for 2 years at least.

What are the results of allergy shots for asthma (vaccination)?

  •  80% of the effect is less, the drug drops within 6-12 months.
  • It is accepted in the current treatment that patients treated with this method 5 years after stopping the injection found that more than 60% can control the symptoms well.

Disadvantages of using allergy shots

  • Requires a lot of patient cooperation.
  • It takes a long time to heal. (Allergy is required every month for at least 2 years)
  • Must be injected by a medical specialist and by caution.

Advantages compared with drug therapy

  • There are some side effects from medications such as drowsiness, palpitations, etc.
  • Do not take medicine every day to control symptoms.
  • Drug therapy is symptomatic treatment, but treatment with an allergy vaccine is an early treatment for allergies.
    

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *